Crowned with glory and honor

Psalm 8:3-6 (RSV translation)

3 When I look at your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars which you have established; 4 what is man that you are mindful of him, and the son of man that you care for him? 5 Yet you have made him little less than God, and crown him with glory and honor. 6 You have given him dominion over the works of your hands; you have put all things under his feet.
(Psalm 8:3-6)

Hebrews 2:5-18 (RSV translation)

5 For it was not to angels that God subjected the world to come, of which we are speaking. 6 It has been testified somewhere, “What is man that you are mindful of him, or the son of man, that you care for him? 7 You made him for a little while lower than the angels, you have crowned him with glory and honor, 8 putting everything in subjection under his feet.” Now in putting everything in subjection to him, he left nothing outside his control. As it is, we do not yet see everything in subjection to him. 9 But we see Jesus, who for a little while was made lower than the angels, crowned with glory and honor because of the suffering of death, so that by the grace of God he might taste death for every one.

10 For it was fitting that he, for whom and by whom all things exist, in bringing many sons to glory, should make the pioneer of their salvation perfect through suffering. 11 For he who sanctifies and those who are sanctified have all one origin. That is why he is not ashamed to call them brethren, 12 saying, “I will proclaim your name to my brethren, in the midst of the congregation I will praise you.” 13 And again, “I will put my trust in him.” And again, “Here am I, and the children God has given me.”

14 Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same nature, that through death he might destroy him who has the power of death, that is, the devil, 15 and deliver all those who through fear of death were subject to lifelong bondage. 16 For surely it is not with angels that he is concerned but with the descendants of Abraham. 17 Therefore he had to be made like his brethren in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make expiation for the sins of the people. 18 For because he himself has suffered and been tempted, he is able to help those who are tempted.

Some questions for reflection

  1. The original crown of God’s creation was Adam whom God made in his own image and likeness (Genesis 1:27-28). The word Adam means man (the son whom God formed from the dust of the earth) or humanity (Adam and all his descendants). Adam is the head of the human race and Eve is the mother of all humanity. Psalm 8 tells us that God gave man (humanity) the power to reflect his own glory. How did Adam originally reflect God’s glory? And what were the consequences of Adam’s disobedience and fall from glory?

  2. The expression “son of man” (verse 4 of Psalm 8) is an important title in both the Old Testament and the New Testament. The Book of Daniel describes the “Son of Man” as the One whom God sends to establish his universal reign on the earth (Daniel 7:13-14) The most frequent title which Jesus used to describe himself is “Son of Man.” This is a prophetic title which refers to Jesus’ unique position as both the unbegotten Son of the eternal Father and the “son of man” who was born of a woman – the “Word who became flesh and dwelt among us” (John 1:14). How does Jesus reflect the glory of God? And how does he restore God’s glory to us?

  3. How does the New Testament author of the Letter to the Hebrews explain how Jesus fulfilled the role and mission of the “son of man” in Psalm 8 (Hebrews 2:5-8)?